Smart City initiatives around the world are emerging along somewhat divergent spectrums. On one side, large companies such as: Cisco, IBM and Siemens are positioning multimillion-dollar platforms to city governments. And, on the other side, civic hackers are building grassroots ecosystems of applications from the ground-up.
While IoT and data infrastructure provided by the likes of Cisco and IBM tend to be secure and scalable, they are also: closed-off, expensive and take months or years to deploy.
Whereas, on the city streets, the speed of innovation spawned by startups and digitally connected citizens is far outpacing the efforts of their larger counterparts.